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architrave - beam that spans from column to column.

asphalt shingle
- mixture of bitumen and crushed rock, used as cladding for exterior walls or roofs.

astragal
- small semi-circular moulding or beading; one application is to the outside of a fence, at the point where the pickets are attached to the inside rail.

balcony
- railed platform projecting from wall, generally in front of a door or window.

baluster
- one of a row of vertical members supporting a handrail.

balustrade
- row comprising balusters topped with a handrail, sometimes having a bottom rail; used on verandahs, porches and stairways.

bargeboard (vergeboard)
- plain or decorative board fixed beneath the eaves of a gable to cover horizontal roof timbers or rafters.

barn sash
- double-hung sash windows, each with four or six panes of glass, panes separated by muntins.

basement
- storey beneath main floor, either above or below grade.

batten
- narrow strip of wood covering joints as in board-and-batten siding.

battered
- inward tilt of wall or pier from base upwards.

bay
- window section which projects from building face, usually built from ground level, but can be jettied or cantilevered; may vary in shape - bow (curved), angled, boxed, etc.; may be one or more storeys.

beaded or beading
- small semicircular moulding, frequently with beads and reels; astragal is one type of beading.

bellcast
- flared bottom edge of a roof or wall surface.

belt course
- wide string course.

bevel
- sloping surface, usually on an edge.

board-and-batten
- siding which consists of wide vertical boards nailed edge to edge, with the joints covered by narrow strips of wood (battens).

bollard
- short metal or concrete post used to tie up a boat or to restrict access, ie: vehicular.

boxed bay
- squared off bay window section; frequently cantilevered.

bracket
- projecting support from a wall, column or post; may be plain, moulded, turned or carved.

bullnose
- rounded edge on siding or front edge of stair treads.

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